幼学英语语法大全 第5讲 代词
发布时间:2020-07-06

原标题:幼学英语语法大全 第5讲 代词

1、人称代词:外示“吾、你、他、她、它、吾们、你们、他们”的词。

吾你他她它吾们你们他们主格Iyouhesheitweyouthey宾格meyouhimheritusyouthem

①主格清淡用在句子起头做主语,清淡用在动词前。

e.g. I am a student. They are cleaning the classroom.

②宾格能够用来外示行为走为的对象,清淡用在动词和介词后面。

e.g. Ask her, please. Listen to me carefully.

2、物主代词:外示所有有关的代词叫物主代词。

吾的你的他的她的它的吾们的你们的他们的形容词性myyourhisheritsouryourtheir名 词 性mineyourshishersitsoursyourstheirs

①形容词性物主代词后面清淡要带上名词。如:my watch, his cousin, our school

②名词性物主代词自己就能够望作是名词,故其后不及再添名词,可单独操纵。 e.g. —Is that your bike? —No. Mine is blue.

3、不定代词:异国清晰指定代替某个(些)人或物的词叫不定代词。

(1)some和any

都外示“一些”,既能够修饰可数名词,也能够修饰不走数名词。

① some众用在一定句中,any众用在否定句和疑问句中。

e.g. There are some flowers in the garden. (一定句)

There isn‟t any milk in the fridge. (否定句)

Do you have any hobbies? (疑问句)

② 在外示邀请和期待对方给予一定回应的疑问句中也要用some。

e.g. —Would you like some coffee? —Yes, please. (邀请)

—Mum, can I have some peaches? —Sure.(期待对方给予一定回应)

伸开全文

(2)both和all

① both外示“两个都……”,只指代或修饰可数名词。

e.g. We are both policemen.(强调两人)

② all外示“三个或三个以上都……”,常见问题既可指代或修饰可数名词,也可指代或修饰不走数名词。

e.g. They are all in the room.(起码三人)

(3)many和much都外示“很众”,many修饰可数名词,much修饰不走数名词。

e.g. My uncle has many stamps. There is much tea in the cup.

(4)each和every

each强调幼我,指两个或两个以上的人或事物中的“每个”;every是指很众人或事物的“通盘”,与all的意思相近。

e.g. I‟ll buy a present for each of her parents. 吾要为她的父母每人买一件礼

物。

Every book in his study is interesting. 他书房里的每本书都很兴味。

(5)other 作形容词时意思是“其他的”,指尚未挑到的片面,其后清淡接复数名词。

e.g. We study Chinese, English, Maths and other subjects.

(6)something和everything

① something 某事;某物 e.g. I want something to drink.

② everything 通盘事物;每样事物 e.g. Tell me everything about you.

(7)nobody 异国人

e.g. She likes nobody and nobody likes her.

4、疑问代词:用来外达疑问或组成疑问句的代词,清淡放在疑问句的句始。

what 问什么—What‟s your name? —My name is Tom. what colour问颜色—What colour is your coat? —It‟s red. what day问星期—What day is it today? —It‟s Monday.what date问日期—What date is it today? —It‟s the first of June.what shape问形状—What shape is the moon? —It‟s round.what....job问做事—What‟s your father‟s job? —He‟s a bus driver.what time问时间—What time is it? —It‟s ten o‟clock. when问时候—When is your birthday? —It‟s on the first of May.which问哪个—Which is your watch, this one or that one? —That one.where问地点—Where is my pen? —It‟s on the floor. who问谁—Who is the boy with big eyes? —He‟s Liu Tao. whose问谁的—Whose bag is this? —It‟s Helen‟s.why问因为—Why are you absent today? —I‟m ill.how问手段—How do you go to school? —By bus.how many问数目—How many books are there? —There are five. how much问价钱—How much is it? —Twenty yuan.how old问年龄—How old are you? —I‟m twelve. how far 问距离—How far is it from here? —It‟s about one kilometer. how about 问情况—I‟m thirsty. How about you? —Me, too.

5、指使代词

① this(这个)、these(这些)外示在时间上或空间上较近的人或物。

② that(谁人)、those(那些)外示在时间上或空间上较远的人或物。